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French Breakfast Radishes, by Felicity House.

Recipe below: Radish and Cucumber Salad with Burnet and Anchovy Vinaigrette

I feel I achieve a small hit of magic when I combine a few raw seasonal ingredients into a successful plate of food. To me cucumbers and radishes have always seemed right together. They’re both a little bitter and burpy. But I made some little cucumber and radish combinations and thought, something is missing here. It turned out they reminded me of the puntarella salads I’ve eaten many times in Rome, always with anchovies. So I added anchovies. I wasn’t sorry.

I had something else in mind for this dish, too. When I first started my herb garden up here in Rhinebeck four springs ago, I had never heard of salad burnet, but when I was choosing starter plants, I noticed a strange looking thingy where I bought herbs, a plant that grew in a star pattern flat across the ground. I had to get it. I didn’t realize salad burnet tasted like cucumber until I got it home. I’m so glad the plant found me. It comes back bigger and weirder every spring. It’s wonderful added to green salads, but also scattered over grilled fish at the last minute. It also makes a fantastic compound butter, which is great on fish or melted over vegetable kebabs. Burnet is nice with summer tomatoes, too. It doesn’t love being cooked to death; it wants to be raw, so I always add it to a hot dish at the last minute. And here’s a bonus: It makes the best flavored vinegar I’ve ever had, up there even with tarragon. I make a bottle every spring, usually with rice wine vinegar as the base, but good white wine or champagne vinegar works fine, too. I just shove a palmful of burnet sprigs into a bottle of vinegar and let it sit for about a week or so. Simple but excellent as can be. I used it here to double boost the dish’s cucumber flavor. All good hot weather magic.

Radish and Cucumber Salad with Burnet and Anchovy Vinaigrette

(Serves 4)

6 or 7 spring radishes (I used the long French breakfast variety), cut into thin rounds
2 English cucumbers, stripe-peeled and cut into thin rounds
Salt
1 spring onion, cut into thin rounds, using all the tender green part
4 or 5 oil-packed anchovy fillets, well minced
2 teaspoons rice wine vinegar (or burnet vinegar if you can make it)
Extra-virgin olive oil
Black pepper
A handful of tender salad burnet sprigs

Lay the radish slices and the cucumber slices out on separate paper towels. Sprinkle them lightly with salt, and let them sit for about 10 minutes to sweat out some moisture. Pat them down to blot off moisture. Then lay them out on a platter in a nice looking pattern, any that appeals to you. Scatter on the onion.

Put the minced anchovy in a small bowl, and add the vinegar, giving it a good stir. The anchovies will start to dissolve a little. Add about 2 tablespoons of olive oil, and stir it around. Taste. You might need more vinegar, and, depending on your anchovies, you could need a pinch of salt.

Drizzle the anchovy dressing over the salad, and then grind on some fresh black pepper. Arrange the burnet sprigs on top. Serve right away.

Women with Fish

What I really want isn’t fish.

It’s bread.

When I wake up what I always want

Isn’t fish.

It’s bread.

As the day goes by I think of

All the forms bread can take.

And what I really want is a baguette.

More than anything.

This fish is a beauty.

But it isn’t bread.

If I pray hard enough,

I’m hoping,

I can transform this fish into bread.

What I really want,

More than anything,

Is a baguette.

Bring to me a baguette,

And I’ll bring to you always

My lasting peace.

Asparagus, Steel, Rubber, by Jonathan Pocock.

Recipe below: Asparagus Soup with Dill and Ramps

Every spring I look forward to making smooth soups with whatever excellent green stuff shows up at the market. The other day I found asparagus, ramps, and dill, so I had a general idea what the result was going to be. The initially gave me pause, being an herb I don’t use much and definitely not a flavor from my Southern Italian childhood. But I like it from time to time, especially in a Greek spinach pie. It seems to work well with uniquely assertive green vegetables such as asparagus, and it also can act, as in this case, as a leveler to the garlicky oniony flavor of ramps.

I love just about all puréed green soups, hot or cold, but a depressing problem can arise with them. They often go olive green, or even gray. Sometimes it helps to preblanch and then cold shock the vegetables before you start in with the actual soup cooking. I’ve tried that with asparagus, but the bright color didn’t hold once the vegetable went tender. What I did do here was blanch the dill and the leafy ramp tops, locking in their color and adding them toward the end. That worked somewhat.

I didn’t add any cream to this soup. Instead I finished it off with a drizzle of good olive oil. I really like the flavor blend here. I ate it both hot and, the next day, cold. It was good both ways. If you can’t find ramps, try getting your hands on a few young spring scallions, and use the entire things. I’d say two or three would be about right for this.

Asparagus Soup with Dill and Ramps

(Serves 4)

6 or 7 ramps
About 6 big dill sprigs, plus a handful of sprigs for garnish
Salt
Extra-virgin olive oil
1 celery stalk, chopped, plus the leaves
1 baking potato, peeled and cut into cubes
A big bunch of local asparagus (about 1½ pounds), trimmed of its tough ends
¼ teaspoon fennel pollen
A few scrapings of fresh nutmeg
¼ cup dry vermouth
2 cups light chicken broth or vegetable broth
2 tablespoons unsalted butter
Freshly ground black pepper
A few drops of rice wine vinegar

The first thing you’ll want to do is separate the white ramp bulbs from the leafy ramp tops. Slice the bulbs, and give the leaves a rough chop.

Set up a medium pot of water, and bring it to a boil. Add a little salt. Throw in the ramp tops and the dill (not the sprigs, to be used for garnish), and blanch for 30 seconds. Drain into a colander, and then run cold water over everything to set the color.

In a good-size soup pot, heat about 2 tablespoons of olive oil over medium heat. Add the ramp bulbs, the celery and its leaves, the potato, and the asparagus. Season with salt, the fennel pollen, and the nutmeg, and sauté until everything is well coated with oil and fragrant, about 4 minutes. Add the vermouth, and let it bubble for a few seconds. Add the chicken or vegetable broth and enough water to just cover the vegetables. Let cook, uncovered, at a low boil for about 5 minutes. Now add the blanched ramp tops and dill, and continue cooking until it’s all just tender, probably about another 8 minutes, adding additional water if needed. Turn off the heat, and let sit for about 10 minutes so all the flavors can blend.

Purée the soup in a food processor, and then return it to a clean pot. Add the butter, and season with black pepper and a little more salt, if needed. Taste to see if you might need a few drops of rice wine vinegar to bring up all the flavors (I did). Add additional water if needed to get a consistency you like. I like my greens soups a bit loose.

You can now reheat the soup and serve it hot, each bowl drizzled with good olive oil and finished with a scattering of fresh dill, or you can chill it and serve it cold. Both will be good.

Still Live with Favas, by Catherine Abel.

This isn’t a recipe so much as it is a reminder. Recipes are often like that for me, just notes to wake up memories, telling me something like, I haven’t made that in a while, but now that I think of it, I want to taste it again. So I’m hoping this will remind you to eat fava beans soon. Their season is now. They are admittedly a lot of work. In fact I got so burnt out from shucking, blanching, and then peeling them during my restaurant days that I thought I’d never prepare them again. But here I’m not talking crateloads of them, like when I was a cook a Le Madri, but only a big bagful. At Le Madri we weren’t allowed to Zen out during the task. We had to stay alert, and we had to be really fast. At home you can Zen all you want and take your time. I brought my load out of the kitchen and into the living room, where I peeled while chatting with my husband about the George Floyd trial, not a joyful subject, but with my anger escalating the work went fast.

Caciocavallo di Castelfranco in Miscano.

In Tuscany fava beans are often paired with young pecorino cheeses. That is a beautiful thing. I had on hand a big wedge of Silano caciocavallo, from Calabria. It’s one of my favorite cheeses. Sweet, bitter, soft textured. Good caciocavallo is made throughout Southern Italy, and especially in my ancestral town of Castelfranco in Miscano, on the border of Puglia and Campania. Both Silano and the Castelfranco are PDO cheeses, protected designation of origin, made from cow’s or sheep’s milk or a mix of both. In the fall I serve caciocavallo with pears. But springtime is for fava beans, so that’s where it landed now. Here’s what you’ll want to do to make this salad for four people.

Buy about 2 pounds of fava beans. Shuck them. Set up a big pot of water, and bring it to a boil. Put the favas in the water, and blanch them for about 10 seconds. Pour them into a colander, and run cold water over them until they’re cool. Now, and here comes the tedious part, with your thumbnail puncture each fava to split the skin near the seam, and then squeeze out the bright green, now skinless, bean into a large bowl. Do this with all the beans.

Take about ½ pound of caciocavallo, remove its waxy surface, and cut it into small cubes, about the size of the beans. Add them to the bowl. Drizzle on a good amount of your best olive oil, at least ¼ cup. I used Ravida, a really fine Sicilian oil. Add a little salt, freshly ground black pepper, and a few drops of rice wine vinegar (very little), and give everything a gentle toss. Slice about 10 spearmint leaves into chiffonade, and scatter them over the top. I like to serve this with good Italian bread, usually piling up the salad on a slice and spooning on any oil remaining in the bowl. This is best with a glass of Southern Italian rosato. I especially like Cerasuolo d’Abruzzo wines.

My Easter Pastiera

Recipe below: My Easter Pastiera

Last summer, in June, right in the middle of the hot-weather Covid shutdown, my cat Buddy died. A terrible thing. We buried him in a little round garden behind our house, now known as Buddy’s garden. Fred found a narrow piece of slate in the woods to serve as a gravestone. Several years ago I had planted lots of flower bulbs back there, but due to crazy deer action, and probably other critters, ground hogs, rabbits, not sure, I never saw a flower. They were eaten down to the base before they had a chance.

This spring I bought some good deer repellent and doused the area. Now we have white and purple crocuses blossoming up all around Buddy’s grave. And all my other bulbs, daffodils and double-petal tulips and irises, are also coming through the ground and will have the chance to flower. This is the best Easter present. A rebirth in the prettiest way.

My pantheistic Easter solely concerns awakening, of the earth and of me, which I need more than usual this year, after the months of excessive wine drinking and shut-in life. I always mark the celebration by making a pastiera, the Southern Italian ricotta and grain pie, full of eggs and the Arab scents of orange flower water and cinnamon.  I’ve never before posted a recipe for it, feeling that each Easter I make it slightly differently, but this year I’m so happy with how it came out, I’m sharing it with all my cooking friends.

Happy rebirth to everyone.

My Easter Pastiera

I used a 9-inch pie pan this time around.

For the pasta frolla:

2½ cups regular flour, plus a little more for rolling
A big pinch of salt
½ cup powdered sugar
½ teaspoon grated nutmeg
The grated zest from 1 large lemon
1½ sticks cold unsalted butter, cut into small cubes, plus a little more for buttering the pan
2 large eggs, lightly whisked
About 2 tablespoons dry vermouth, maybe a bit more

For the farro mixture:

¾ cup farro
2 cups whole milk
A pinch of salt
1 teaspoon regular sugar

For the rest of the filling:

2 cups whole milk ricotta
¾ cups powdered sugar
1 large egg, plus 2 eggs yolks
A pinch of salt
1 teaspoon orange flower water
1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
½ teaspoon ground nutmeg
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
The grated zest from 1 large lemon
2 heaping tablespoons orange marmalade

Plus:

One egg whisked with a little water, to serve as an egg wash

To make the pasta frolla, pour the flour into the bowl of a food processor. Add the salt, sugar, nutmeg, and lemon zest, and give it a few pulses, just to blend everything. Add the butter, and pulse a few more times, breaking the pieces up a bit. Add the eggs and the vermouth, and do a few more pulses, just until it forms a crumbly ball. If it seems too dry, add a drizzle more vermouth.

Turn the dough out onto a lightly floured work area, and give it a few quick kneads. Then press it together, and wrap it in plastic. Stick it in the refrigerator for at least an hour before you roll it out. That will make it easier to roll.

To prepare the farro mixture, pour the ingredients into a small saucepan. Cook them over medium heat until the grains are tender, about 15 minutes. If there’s still milky liquid, drain it.

To continue with the filling, put the ricotta in a large mixing bowl. Add the cooked farro and all the other ingredients. Mix well, and give it a taste to see if you might need more sugar or something.

Set the oven to 375 degrees. Butter the pie pan.

Take the dough from the refrigerator. If it’s only been in there for an hour or so, it should be ripe for rolling. If it’s super cold, you may need to let it warm for a little time. In any case, flour a work area. Cut off and set aside about ¼ of the dough to use for lattice strips. Roll the big portion out into a large round, and then drape it into the pie pan, pressing it down around the edges. Stick that in the refrigerator while you make the lattice.

Roll out the smaller piece of dough into a rectangle about the length of the pie pan. With a sharp knife, cut 8 approximately ½-inch-thick strips. If you don’t get 8 strips, don’t worry. You’ll be able to fashion a few more from the pie pan trimming.

Take the pie pan from the refrigerator, and pour in the filling. If it looks like you have too much filling, hold back on some. You can use any extra for the small crustless custard, sticking it in the oven along with the pastiera. Brush the edges of the dough all around with the egg wash. Arrange the lattice strips criss-crossed over the top, pressing them down all around the edge so they adhere. You can weave them in and out in the more sophisticated way, or just cheat and lay them across one another.

Now trim all around the pie so you have a neat round. If you need more lattice strips, you can make them with the trimming. Brush the lattice and all around the edges with the egg wash.

Put the pastiera in the oven, and bake it until it’s nicely golden all over, about 40 minutes.

Let it rest about an hour before serving. I find prosecco an especially good match for this beautiful pie.

Recipe below: Scacciata with Broccoli Rabe, Caciocavallo, and Black Olives

I’ve never met a savory vegetable torta I didn’t like. I keep coming back to them. They’re my idea of a perfect food. They can be knife-and-fork or portable, but they’re always contained. For me the best ones include greens and herbs, preferably with a bitter element tucked in, too. Anyone who’s been following my cooking over the years knows my love of torte filled with Swiss chard or escarole, punctuated with salty or sweet, such as capers, olives, anchovies, or, at the other end of the spectrum, pancetta, pine nuts, pistachios, raisins, bit of dates.

My olive oil and wine torta crust is a legend in my own mind, my go-to encasement for a savory torta. But this time I fashioned a Sicilian scacciata, a double-crusted filled pie that takes a yeast dough and usually semolina flour, plus either lard or olive oil. It’s basically a flat calzone, most often made with vegetables, depending on where in Sicily the cook lives. Cauliflower, eggplant and tomato, potato, and broccoli are all typical. I chose broccoli rabe for its beloved bitterness, adding anchovy, olives, pine nuts, fennel seeds, caciocavallo, marjoram, scallion, and garlic—a whole pantry load. I’ve also made one using cauliflower instead of the broccoli rabe. It was good, but not as good.

I’ve seen these things done round on a pizza tray or, my preference, rectangular on a half sheet pan. You should roll the dough thin, which can be a bit tricky except that you can easily patch up little holes with a pinch of the fingers.

Scacciata with Broccoli Rabe, Caciocavallo, and Black Olives

For the dough:

1½ cups regular flour
1 cup semolina flour, plus a little more for kneading and rolling
1 teaspoon salt
1 tablespoon sugar
1 packet yeast
1 cup warm water
2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil, plus a drizzle mixed with a little water to brush on top

For the filling:

2 bunches broccoli rabe, the thick stems removed
Extra-virgin olive oil
3 scallions, cut into thin rounds, including some of the tender green part
3 oil-packed anchovy fillets, chopped
A palmful of pine nuts
1 large fresh garlic clove, thinly sliced
A palmful of fennel seeds, ground
Salt
Aleppo pepper
About 1 cup grated caciocavallo cheese  
A handful of black olives, pitted (I used the shriveled Moroccan type)
A few large sprigs of marjoram, the leaves chopped

To make the dough, put both flours in the bowl of a food processor. Add the salt, sugar, and yeast, and pulse a few times to distribute everything. Add the warm water and the olive oil, and pulse a few more times until it all comes together in a sticky ball.

Sprinkle a little semolina on a work surface, and tilt out the dough. Knead the dough until it’s nice and smooth, adding more semolina if necessary to prevent sticking, probably 7 or 8 minutes. Drizzle a little oil into a big bowl. Turn the dough over in the oil to coat it well. Cover the bowl with a kitchen bowl and let it rise until doubled in size, about 2 hours. Then punch the dough down, cut it in half and let it rise again for about a half hour.

Preheat the oven to 425 degrees. While the dough is doing its second rise, set up a large pot of water, add some salt, and bring it to a boil. Add the broccoli rabe, and blanch for about 4 minutes. Drain it into a colander, and run cold water over it to stop the cooking and set its lovely green color. Squeeze as much water out of it as possible, and then chop in well.

In a large sauté pan, heat about 2 tablespoons of olive oil over medium heat. Add the scallion, anchovy, pine nuts, garlic, and ground fennel seeds, and sauté until just fragrant, only about a minute (you want to keep the flavors fresh). Turn off the heat, and add the broccoli rabe, seasoning it with salt and Aleppo, mixing everything around well, and adding another little drizzle of fresh olive oil. Let it cool for a few minutes, and then add the cheese, the olives, and the marjoram, mixing well.

Coat a half sheet pan with olive oil. Roll one of the dough pieces out into a large rectangle, and drape it onto the sheet pan, pressing in out to the edges as best you can. Spoon on the filling, leaving about a half inch all around. Roll out the other piece of dough, and drape it over the top, pressing down around the edges to seal it. Trim all around to make a nice uniform shape. Next crimp the edges to help seal it further and make it look pretty and finished. Make a bunch of little air holes on the top (I used a barbecue skewer), and brush the top with the olive oil water mix. Bake until the top is nicely golden, about 20 minutes.

You can serve the scacciata, hot, warm, or at room temperature. I like to cut it into squares.

Women with Fish

I’ve died and gone to heaven.

Sardinian Still Life, by Susan Grundy.

Recipe below: Saffron Tagliatelle with Sausage-and-Fennel Ragù

A storm is coming. Snow, lots of it. I usually love that, but now I fear it’ll just add to the current confinement of our lives. So I’m thinking about flavors. Fennel, saffron, and rosemary. What does combining those three things sound like to you? Good, weird, stupid? If you’ve never tried it, I think you should. There’s a touch of magic in it. You know how some flavor combinations produce a taste distinct from their parts, a new flavor, such as when you mix various spices to create a curry? This is not one of those instances. When you blend fennel, saffron, and rosemary, you still taste each distinctly. Not much melding. Which is, in this case, beauty. It’s hard to understand why curries blend so readily. Possibly because most of the spices have similar strengths. With these three, I think rosemary is so strong and resiny that it stands up well against the fennel and saffron, refusing to give in. And fennel and saffron, while milder, are also two really specific, unusual hits on the palate.

The pasta sauce I’ve made with this combo is a variation on a Sardinian creation I first learned about from Giuliano Bugialli’s book The Foods of Sicily and Sardinia. It’s most often tossed with malloreddus, a type of semolina gnocchi. I’ve made malloreddus, but it’s kind of a pain in the ass, so I didn’t bother this time. Instead I rolled out semolina-and-saffron tagliatelle. Semolina dough is really easy to work with. I just spun out the pasta with my old hand-cranked pasta machine. It was a pleasure to make, and it’s a lovely thing to have for the big snow that’s coming. Now I’m getting excited about the snow. My plan is to have this for dinner and then go marching down 13th Street in the fluffy, not-yet-filth-covered powder.

Saffron Tagliatelle with Sausage-and-Fennel Ragù

(Serves 4)

For the tagliatelle:

3 cups semolina flour, plus more for kneading and rolling
1 teaspoon salt
A big pinch of saffron threads, dried and ground in a mortar and pestle
About 1½ cups warm water

For the ragù:

1 cup good-quality chicken broth
A big pinch of saffron threads, dried and ground with a mortar and pestle
Extra-virgin olive oil
1 round of pancetta, ¼ inch thick, chopped
4 Italian sweet sausages, with fennel seeds if possible, the skins removed and discarded
About 20 fennel seeds, ground with a mortar and pestle (maybe a little less if there’s lots of fennel in your sausage)
1 large onion, chopped
2 garlic cloves, thinly sliced
The leaves from a long sprig of rosemary, chopped
Sea salt
A crumbled dried hot red chili
A big splash of white wine
1 35-ounce can good Italian tomatoes, chopped, with the juice
½ cup cream
A big chunk of Pecorino Sardo cheese

To make the pasta, get out a large bowl, and pour in the semolina. Add the salt, and stir it around to distribute it.  In another bowl, add the saffron to the warm water, letting it dissolve for a minute. Pour that into the bowl with the semolina, and mix everything around with a spoon until you have sticky mass. Work it with your hands just to bring everything together into a ball.

Pour a good amount of semolina out onto a work surface, and turn the dough out onto it. Coat your hands well with semolina, and start kneading until the dough is smooth and softly springs back when you give it a poke. This will take 8 minutes or so, so just zone into it. Add more semolina whenever it gets sticky. When the dough is nice and smooth, wrap it in plastic, and let it rest for an hour.

Divide the dough into quarters, and keeping the pieces you’re not immediately working with wrapped in plastic. Dust your pasta machine with semolina, and start running a piece of dough through until you’re down to the next-to-last setting. It’ll get pretty long, so you’ll probably want to cut it in half at some point. Do this with all the dough. Then lay out the sheets on a semolina-dusted counter or table. Let them dry for about 20 minutes so they can firm up a bit.

Get out 2 sheet pans, and dust them with semolina. Run the pasta sheets through your pasta machine on the tagliatelle setting. Place the tagliatelle on the sheet pans as they come out of the machine, sprinkling semolina over them to coat them well. You can arrange them in loose bundles. If you’ve got enough semolina on them, they won’t stick together. The pasta can sit this way for a few hours.

To make the ragù, dissolve the ground saffron in the chicken broth, and set it aside.

Get a big saucepan hot over medium heat. Drizzle in a tablespoon of olive oil. Add the pancetta, and let it brown. Add the sausage, the fennel seeds, and the onion, and let them all brown lightly, about 5 minutes. Add the rosemary and the dried chili, and season everything with a little salt.

Add the wine, and let it bubble for a few seconds. Add the tomatoes and the saffron chicken broth. Bring to a boil. Then turn down the heat, cover the pan, and let the sauce simmer for about an hour. Then remove it from the heat, and stir in the cream.

Set up a big pot of pasta cooking water, and bring it to a boil. Add the tagliatelle, and cook it until it all floats to the top, probably 4 or 5 minutes.

Reheat the sauce and taste it for seasoning.

Drain the tagliatelle, saving about ½ cup of the cooking water.

Pour the tagliatelle into a large serving bowl. Pour the sauce over the pasta. Add a little of the cooking water if you need to thin it. Grate on a bit of the pecorino, and give everything a good toss. Bring the rest of the cheese to the table.

A mural at Baccalunch, a salt cod–themed restaurant in Florence.

Recipe below: Baccalà Mantecato for a Winter Lockdown

I make baccalà mantecato, whipped salt cod, for Christmas Eve every year, except not this past year. Family troubles and Covid prevented it. I scaled my fish extravaganza down to one fine dish of calamari stuffed with Swiss chard. It was good, but it didn’t provide the crazy, expansive table that I love on that magical night, with clam and mussel and lobster shells all over the place, and lots of candles. It was just the two of us, and we ate too early. Christmas Eve is supposed to be a late-night affair, but we were bored and restless. Is the lockdown turning you into my old Uncle Pat, yelling for dinner at 4:30, with the poodle and the parakeet at the same seating? Damn, I hope not. My sister and I made fun of him constantly, with his 5 o’clock after-dinner snoring and farting, his wild, gray mafia eyebrows twitching, the poodle on his lap.

Whatever you’ve got going now in terms of dinner arrangements, you will find that cooking something beautiful helps. This salt cod dish has a lot of romance going for it. It’s served at bars in Venice, as little cicchetti, or snacks, with a glass of wine, at the dividing line between work and family. Happy hour.

Baccalà mantecato is often offered at room temperature in Venice. Nice, but I’ve come to prefer it hot and gratinéed with a crusty top of breadcrumbs and Parmigiano or Grana Padano. That’s my recipe here. Have your guests spoon it onto toasted crostini, or let them scoop it up with thick slices of raw fennel. A bowl of olives and a glass of white wine or prosecco are pretty much mandatory accompaniments.

 Baccalà Mantecato for a Winter Lockdown

(Serves 4 to 6 as an appetizer)

1 pound salt cod (look for the fat middle section, which has less bones and skin)
Extra-virgin olive oil
1 fresh bay leaf
A big splash of dry vermouth
1 large baking potato, baked until tender, skinned, and roughly mashed
½ cup of milk
¼ cup heavy cream
2 small garlic cloves, thinly sliced
A few big gratings of nutmeg
The grated zest from 1 lemon
5 or 6 large thyme sprigs, the leaves lightly chopped
Black pepper
Piment d’espellete
A small chunk of Grana Padano cheese, grated (you’ll want about ½ cup)
½ cup panko breadcrumbs

You’ll need to soak your salt cod in a big pot of cold water, changing the water several times. In my experience, you usually need two days of soaking to remove enough salt, but after a day taste a piece from the center to see where you’re at. Once the fish is sufficiently desalted, put it in a big pan, drizzle it with a little olive oil, add the bay leaf and the vermouth, and then cover it with cool water. Bring it to a boil, and then turn the heat down to a simmer, and let it gently poach, just until the cod can easily be pulled apart with a knife, usually about 5 to 6 minutes, depending on its thickness.

Take the cod from the pan, and pull it into small pieces, discarding any skin or bones. Drop the pieces into the bowl of a food processor. You can get rid of the poaching liquid.

Add the potato, milk, cream, garlic, nutmeg, lemon zest, thyme, a little black pepper, and a touch of espelette. Pulse quickly a few times to break everything up. Drizzle in about ¼ cup of good olive oil, and pulse a few more times, just until you have a relatively smooth consistency. I like to leave a little texture.

Oil a baking dish, and spoon in the baccalà.  You can stick it in the fridge for a day or two before serving, if you like.

When you’re ready to serve it, preheat the oven to 425 degrees. Mix the panko with the grana Padano and a little olive oil. Sprinkle it evenly over the top of the baccalà, and stick the baccalà in the oven until it’s hot and bubbly and lightly browned, about 20 minutes.